Cooperation and Conflict Symposium

ASU Cooperation & Conflict Symposium 2017
Solving the problem of cheating in large-scale cooperative systems

The ASU Cooperation & Conflict Symposium invites diverse scholars from around the world to come together with ASU faculty to address the most pressing questions in cooperation theory through interdisciplinary dialogue. This symposium is organized around a central question which all speakers address, and concludes with a panel discussion about the opportunities and challenges of studying cooperation and conflict across systems. 2017's question: How do large-scale systems solve the problem of detecting, controlling and eliminating cheating?  

Supported by

The Center for Social Dynamics and Complexity and the Department of Psychology
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

How do large-scale systems solve the problem of detecting, controlling and eliminating cheating? In ASU’s first Cooperation and Conflict Symposium, researchers from across ASU and around the world will come together to address this question. Over the course of the day, each speaker will present a solution to the problem of cheating. These short talks will form the basis for discussion throughout the day, including a moderated panel.  

More about this year’s theme…
All living systems are composed of individual units that, under certain conditions, attain the requisite cooperation that enables the sustainability of the system as a whole. At the same time these systems are constantly threatened when these individual units pursue actions that compromise the welfare of the system. For example, multicellular organisms are threatened by cancer cells whose proliferation can lead to the death of the organism; ant and bee colonies may be threatened when individuals other than the queen can reproduce; and human groups are weakened by the action of free riders. It follows that one important determinant of cooperation in living systems is the detection and control of individual cheating.  

There is extensive research about the detection and control of cheating in each discipline – and sub-discipline – but much less is known about how this functional imperative is achieved across all living systems. This symposium will engage a broad interdisciplinary audience in the fundamental question of how cooperation is achieved in large-scale systems, from multicellular organisms, to social insect colonies, to human societies. For more info about the conference please contact Dr. Athena Aktipis.

Joe Alcock (Emergency Medicine, University of New Mexico)
Amy Boddy (The Biodesign Institute, ASU)
Rob Boyd (School of Human Evolution and Social Change, ASU)
Joe Blattman (School of Life Sciences and The Biodesign Institute, ASU)
Lee Cronk (Anthropology, Rutgers)
Oliver Scott Curry (Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology, Oxford University)
Christine Horne (Sociology, Washington State)
Adam Lampert (School of Human Evolution and Social Change, ASU)
Carlo Maley (School of Life Sciences and The Biodesign Institute, ASU)
Rick Michod (Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona)
Melanie Moses (Computer Science, University of New Mexico)
Andres Munoz (Department of Psychology, ASU)
Steven Neuberg (Department of Psychology, ASU)
Ted Pavlic (School of Computing, Informatics, and Decision Systems Engineering, ASU)
Brent Simpson (Sociology, University of South Carolina)
Michael E. Smith (School of Human Evolution and Social Change, ASU)
Gerald Wilkinson (Biology, University of Maryland)
Polly Wiessner (School of Human Evolution and Social Change, ASU
Jacob Young (School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, ASU)
Gilbert Roberts (Newcastle University, UK)
Daniel Balliet (VU University, Amsterdam)

Athena Aktipis, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, ASU
Michael Hechter, Foundation Professor, School of Politics and Global Studies, ASU

Recorded Talks
Welcome & Symposium Overview:
Athena Aktipis, Department of Psychology, ASU
Michael Hechter, School of Politics and Global Studies, ASU

Joe Alcock, Emergency Medicine, University of New Mexico
Truth and Lies - the Enforcement of Honest Signaling in the Gut Microbiome

Daniel Balliet, Experimental and Applied Psychology, Vrije Universiteit
How Indirect Reciprocity Can Reduce Cheating and Promote Cooperation

Lee Cronk, Department of Anthropology, Rutgers University
Life is often an Iterated Game

Oliver Scott Curry, Institute of Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology, University of Oxford
Bastards, Deviants, Rebels and Scumbags: Other types of cooperation and defection

Richard Michod, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona
Cooperation and Conflict in the Evolution of Individuality

Joe Blattman, Biodesign Institute and the School of Life Sciences, ASU
A Quantitative Understanding of Immunopathology and the Biologic Costs of Virulence

Brent Simpson, Department of Sociology, University of South Carolina
Interpersonal Moral Judgments Promote Cooperation and Prosocial Behavior

Gilbert Roberts, Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University
Reputation is an Honest Signal of Cooperative Strategy in Partner Choice

Gerald Wilkinson, Department of Biology, University of Maryland
Maintenance of Cooperation in Vampire Bats

Rob Boyd, School of Human Evolution and Social Change, ASU
Culturally Transmitted Norms Support Human Cooperation

Adam Lampert, School of Human Evolution & Social Change and Mathematical Computational & Modeling Science Center, ASU
Three Paradoxical Results in Dynamic Provision of Public Goods

Carlo Maley, Biodesign Institute and the School of Life Sciences, ASU
How Evolution has Solved the Problem of Detecting, Controlling and Eliminating Cheating Cells to Prevent Cancer

Andres Munoz, Department of Psychology, ASU
Is All Cheating Alike? Selection for Specialized Detection Mechanisms in Response to Distinct Forms of Cheating in Humans

Steven Neuberg, Department of Psychology, ASU
Detecting and Controlling Cheating as “Affordance Management”

Ted Pavlic, School of Computing, Informatics and Decision Systems Engineering; School of Sustainability, ASU
Free-loading Isn't Free: The lack of control of cheating in ants, bees, wasps, and collaborative robots

Michael Smith, School of Human Evolution and Social Change, ASU
Cooperation and Cheating in the Early State and Empires

Polly Wiessner, School of Human Evolution and Social Change, ASU
There is Nothing New About False News

Jacob Young, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, ASU
The Criminal Justice System: A Centralized Authority for Coordinating the Management of   Externalities

Amy Boddy, The Biodesign Institute, ASU
Cooperation and Conflict in Maternal Health

Moderated Panel: